File Name: difference between speech and writing .zip
Written and spoken language differ in many ways. However some forms of writing are closer to speech than others, and vice versa. Below are some of the ways in which these two forms of language differ:. Speech is usually transient, unless recorded, and speakers can correct themselves and change their utterances as they go along. A written text can communicate across time and space for as long as the particular language and writing system is still understood. Written language tends to be more complex and intricate than speech with longer sentences and many subordinate clauses. The punctuation and layout of written texts also have no spoken equivalent.
When we talk about 'language', sometimes we mean speech spoken language , sometimes writing written language. How are they different? Of course, speech is spoken and heard, while writing is written and read. But there are many other differences:. Speech goes back to human beginnings, perhaps a million years ago. Writing is relatively recent, however; it was first invented by the Sumerians, in Mesopotamia, around B. Since then, the idea of writing has spread around the world and different writing systems have evolved in different parts of the world.
Speech Writing Usually Speaker and listener may know one Reader and writer may not know one another already another Speaker and listener may interact and No immediate interaction or exchange of change roles roles between reader and writer. Immediate feedback verbal or non- No immediate feedback possible verbal expected and given What is spoken is temporary and What is written is permanent and transient retrievable. Utterances may contain strings of More subordination and complex clauses with little subordination sentence structure. Grammatically incomplete or inaccurate High degree of accuracy expected utterances accepted Contains hesitations, paused, fillers, repetition. Boundaries of utterances marked by Grammatical boundaries of sentences intonation, pauses marked by punctuation, layout. Prosodic features —volume, pace, stress, Capitalisation, font variation, underlining rhythm- communicate meaning as well etc used to stressitems.
What's the Difference between Speech and Writing? by William Bright. When we talk about '.
Two theories of the relationship between speech and writing are examined. One theory holds that writing is restricted to a one-way relationship with speech—a unidirectional influence from speech to writing. In this theory, writing is derived from speech and is simply a representation of speech. The other theory holds that additional, multidirectional influences are involved in the development of writing. The unidirectional theory focuses on correspondences between speech and writing while the multidirectional theory directs attention to the differences as well as the similarities between speech and writing. These theories have distinctive pedagogical implications. Although early behaviorism may be seen to have offered some support for the unidirectional theory, modern behavior analysis should be seen to support the multidirectional theory.
The purpose of all language is to communicate - that is, to move thoughts or information from one person to another person. There are always at least two people in any communication. To communicate, one person must put something "out" and another person must take something "in". So language consists of four "skills": two for output speaking and writing ; and two for input listening and reading. We can say this another way - two of the skills are for "spoken" communication and two of the skills are for "written" communication:.
However some forms of writing are closer to speech than others, and vice versa.
Спустя три мучительные секунды все еще ничего не произошло. Сирены по-прежнему выли. Пять секунд. Шесть секунд. - Утечка информации.
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