File Name: alvin plantinga god dom and evil .zip
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The existence of evil and suffering in our world seems to pose a serious challenge to belief in the existence of a perfect God. If God were all-knowing, it seems that God would know about all of the horrible things that happen in our world. If God were all-powerful, God would be able to do something about all of the evil and suffering. Furthermore, if God were morally perfect, then surely God would want to do something about it. And yet we find that our world is filled with countless instances of evil and suffering.
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In God, Freedom, and Evil Alvin Plantinga AP attempts to rebut the logical problem of evil [i] , which posits that the following two propositions [i] are inconsistent:. Where is the Inconsistency? AP spends the first section of the book attempting to demonstrate an inconsistency between the two premises. He argues that 1 and 2 are neither explicitly nor formally [ii] contradictory, and following J. Mackie decides that the most promising course for the atheologian [iii] is that the propositions are implicitly contradictory. A set of premises is implicitly contradictory if one or more of the terms violates a logically necessary truth.
Plantinga, Alvin. God, freedom, and evil. Reprint of the ed. published by Harper & Row, New York, issuedin series: Basic conditions.
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Alvin Plantinga's free-will defense is a logical argument developed by the American analytic philosopher Alvin Plantinga and published in its final version in his book God, Freedom, and Evil. Mackie beginning in In , Mackie conceded that Plantinga's defense successfully refuted his argument in The Miracle of Theism , though he did not claim that the problem of evil had been put to rest. The logical argument from evil argued by J. Mackie , and to which the free-will defense responds, is an argument against the existence of the Christian God based on the idea that a logical contradiction exists between four theological tenets in orthodox Christian theology. Specifically, the argument from evil asserts that the following set of propositions are, by themselves, logically inconsistent or contradictory:. Most orthodox Christian theologians agree with these four propositions.
The epistemic question posed by evil is whether the world contains undesirable states of affairs that provide the basis for an argument that makes it unreasonable to believe in the existence of God. This discussion is divided into eight sections.
In his discussion of natural theology arguments to prove the existence of God and natural atheology arguments for the falsehood of theistic belief Plantinga focuses on two of the traditional arguments: the ontological argument as an example of natural theology, In his discussion of natural theology arguments to prove the existence of God and natural atheology arguments for the falsehood of theistic belief Plantinga focuses on two of the traditional arguments: the ontological argument as an example of natural theology, and the problem of evil as the most important representative of natural atheology. Accessible to serious general readers. The Problem of Evil 1.
Она не успела постучать, как заверещал электронный дверной замок. Дверь открылась, и коммандер помахал ей рукой. - Спасибо, что пришла, Сьюзан.
- Она надулась. - Если не скажешь, тебе меня больше не видать. - Врешь.
Речь идет о нашей поездке. Нам придется ее отложить. - Что-о? - Сьюзан окончательно проснулась.
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