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Difference Between Caste And Class In Sociology Pdf

difference between caste and class in sociology pdf

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caste and class in sociology pdf

Fundamental points of difference between class and caste are: i open us closed, ii divine us. Above we have described the features of caste system which are generally absent from class. Briefly caste may be defined in the words of Warner and Davis as a rank order of superior super-ordinate orders and inferior subordinate orders which practise endogamy, prevent vertical mobility, and unequally distribute the desirable and undesirable social symbols.

Class may be defined as a rank order of superior and inferior orders which allows both exogamy and endogamy, permits movement either up or down the system, or allows an individual to remain in the status to which he was born; it also unequally distributes the lower and higher evaluated symbols. Class is more open than caste. If a hierarchy becomes closed against vertical mobility, it ceases to be a class system and becomes a caste system.

A man can by his enterprise and initiative changes his class and thereby rises in social status. If a man is born in a labour class, it is not necessary for him to live in the class for life and die in it. He can strive for money and success in life and with wealth he can change his social status implied in the class distinction. Once a man is born in a caste he remains in it for his life-time and makes his children suffer the same fate. A caste is thus a closed class. On the other hand the membership of a class does not depend upon hereditary basis, it rather depends on the worldly achievements of an individual.

Thus class system is an open and flexible system while caste system is a closed and rigid system. Secondly the caste system is believed to have been divinely ordained. The Hindu caste structure may have arisen out of the subjection or enslavement incidental to conquest and perhaps also out of the subordination of one endogamous community to another.

In the Bhagavadgita the Creator is said to have apportioned the duties a functions of the four castes. An individual must do the duty proper to his caste. Men of the lower castes are reborn in higher castes if they have fulfilled their duties. Classes are secular in origin. They are not founded on religious dogmas.

Thirdly, the choice of mates in caste system is generally endogamous. Members have to marry within their own castes. A member marrying outside his caste is treated as outcaste. No such restrictions exist in class system. A wealthy man may marry a poor girl without being outcaste.

An educated girl may marry an uneducated partner without being thrown out from the class of teachers. Fourthly, the feeling of class consciousness is necessary to constitute a class but there is no need for any subjective consciousness in the members of caste.

Fifthly, the relative prestige of the different castes is well established but in class system there is no rigidly fixed order of prestige. In its judgment, it has excluded all members of the so-called forward classes howsoever economically and educationally backward from the definition of backward classes. It has thus equated class with caste. Caste System. Drop files here or. Essay on Caste: Caste System found in India.

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Fundamental points of difference between class and caste are: i open us closed, ii divine us. Above we have described the features of caste system which are generally absent from class. Briefly caste may be defined in the words of Warner and Davis as a rank order of superior super-ordinate orders and inferior subordinate orders which practise endogamy, prevent vertical mobility, and unequally distribute the desirable and undesirable social symbols. Class may be defined as a rank order of superior and inferior orders which allows both exogamy and endogamy, permits movement either up or down the system, or allows an individual to remain in the status to which he was born; it also unequally distributes the lower and higher evaluated symbols. Class is more open than caste.

difference between caste and class in points

We are interested in learning what you think we should do to improve this course and to become a better teachers and to help you become a better student. It should be noted from the onset that globalisation is both the cause and the consequence of cultural diversities and cultural similarities. Social Stratification and Inequality. Slavery has been a permanent part of the human condition throughout history, though not present in all cultures or societies all the time. Introduction The three-component theory of stratification, more widely known as Weberian stratification or the three class system, was developed by German sociologist Max Weber with class, status and power as distinct ideal types.

Don't have an account? This chapter investigates the changing relations between caste, class, and power. The distribution of power creates a hierarchy which is different from the hierarchies of caste and class. The relations between class and power, and the role of caste in party politics are then examined.

Mainstream sociology of caste owing allegiance to Weber reifies the contrast between caste as status and class. In Weber, caste is part of global-historical enquiry. In mainstream sociology, caste is uniquely Indian. Similarly, historical, cross-cultural comparative study will liberate caste from the myth of Indian exceptionalism.

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2 Comments

  1. Dmapimwifics

    14.06.2021 at 16:42
    Reply

    While castes are perceived as hereditary groups with a fixed ritual status, social classes are defined in terms of the relations of production.

  2. Brigitte Г.

    16.06.2021 at 21:57
    Reply

    Caste, class, race, ethnicity, and gender are some of the pertinent categories of social hierarchy and differentiation in many societies.

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