File Name: analogy definition and examples .zip
At its most basic, an analogy is a comparison of two things to show their similarities.
An analogy is a literary device often used in literature and poetry to make connections between familiar and unfamiliar things, suggest a deeper significance, or create imagery in the reader's mind. Like most literary devices , they paint a lurid picture. Analogies allow writers to say something in an abstract way, encouraging deeper thought. Writers often use analogies to bring their prose to life, so let's take a look at some classic analogy examples in literature and poetry. Analogies enable writers to make a quick comparison between two things and identify a common thread between them.
At its most basic, an analogy is a comparison of two things to show their similarities. Sometimes the things being compared are quite similar, but other times they could be very different. Nevertheless, an analogy explains one thing in terms of another to highlight the ways in which they are alike. Many analogies are so useful that they are part of everyday speech.
These are often known as figures of speech or idioms. Each analogy below makes a comparison between two things:. Writers use many forms of analogies in their work to make a comparison that is memorable and helps the reader better understand their point.
Consider these examples of analogies from famous writers and public figures:. You will find word analogies , or verbal analogies, used in standardized tests and sometimes in job interviews where you must show the relationship between two objects or concepts using logic and reasoning.
These analogies are set up in a standard format. For example:. This analogy highlights the relationship between the whole a tree and a flower and its parts a leaf and a petal. On tests of logic, one portion of the analogy is left blank and students are left to choose an answer that makes sense to complete the comparison.
To solve the analogy, you must first determine the relationship between dog and puppy. Once you realize that a puppy is a baby dog, you can find the corresponding relationship for a cat. A baby cat is a kitten, so the completed analogy is.
Though there is no limit to the possibilities when it comes to word analogies, here are some examples to familiarize yourself with the concept:.
Analogies, similes and metaphors are closely related, but they are not the same. Because making comparisons is so useful in both speaking and writing, they are all key literary devices, but an analogy is more of a logical argument than a simple figure of speech.
You may have noticed that some common analogies are built around similes but extend the comparison. A simile compares two things using the words "like" or "as" to create a new meaning. These comparisons are direct and typically easy to understand.
Metaphors are a figure of speech used to make comparisons. These comparisons describe one thing in terms of another, but without using the words "like" or "as". For example, describing a woman in terms of a flower can highlight her beauty:.
In this case, the woman's lips are described as petals that blossom, so the comparison creates an association between the qualities of a woman and a flower without directly saying it.
Making comparisons between two different things requires a flexible use of language. Though on the surface a metaphor or complex analogy may not make much sense, digging a little deeper to understand the relationships between the things being compared will usually clear things up. Some analogies are steeped in the culture of a particular place or time, and this adds a layer of interest and a challenge, especially when you're learning a new language. English is particularly complex when it comes to analogies in both everyday speech and as literary devices , but with practice you can become more adept at teasing apart the meaning of these creative comparisons to enrich your understanding and your expression.
Analogy Examples. Examples of Analogies in Speech and Writing Many analogies are so useful that they are part of everyday speech. Each analogy below makes a comparison between two things: Finding a good man is like finding a needle in a haystack: As Dusty Springfield knows, finding a small needle in a pile of hay takes a long time, so the task at hand is likely to be hard and tedious.
That's as useful as rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic: It looks like you're doing something helpful but really it will make no difference in the end. Explaining a joke is like dissecting a frog.
You understand it better but the frog dies in the process: E. B White's famous analogy shows that sometimes it's better not to know too much. That movie was a roller coaster ride of emotions: While you're not flying through the air, the twists, turns and surprises of a movie plot can leave you feeling like you've been through quite an experience.
Life is like a box of chocolates - you never know what you're gonna get: An often-used analogy from Forrest Gump shows that life has many choices and surprises, just like a box of chocolates.
Consider these examples of analogies from famous writers and public figures: "I am to dancing what Roseanne is to singing and Donald Duck to motivational speeches. I am as graceful as a refrigerator falling down a flight of stairs. The universe is like a safe to which there is a combination.
But the combination is locked up in the safe. It was like men handling a fish which is still alive and may jump back into the water. It's like bald people wearing hats. Examples of Word Analogies You will find word analogies , or verbal analogies, used in standardized tests and sometimes in job interviews where you must show the relationship between two objects or concepts using logic and reasoning.
For example: tree : leaf :: flower : petal This analogy is read aloud as: Tree is to leaf as flower is to petal. A baby cat is a kitten, so the completed analogy is Dog : puppy :: cat : kitten Though there is no limit to the possibilities when it comes to word analogies, here are some examples to familiarize yourself with the concept: hammer : nail :: comb : hair white : black :: up : down mansion : shack :: yacht : dinghy short : light :: long : heavy bees : hive :: bears : den speak : sing :: walk : dance chef : food :: sculptor : stone like : love :: dislike : hate.
Analogies, Similes and Metaphors Analogies, similes and metaphors are closely related, but they are not the same. Similes A simile compares two things using the words "like" or "as" to create a new meaning. For example: As sly as a fox As stubborn as a mule As blind as a bat Crazy like a fox Quick like a cat.
Metaphors Metaphors are a figure of speech used to make comparisons. For example, describing a woman in terms of a flower can highlight her beauty: "Her petal-soft smile blossomed in the morning sun.
While metaphors are often extensive, here are a few brief examples: You are the wind beneath my wings. He is a diamond in the rough. Life is a roller coaster with lots of ups and downs. America is the great melting pot. My mother is the warden at my house. Analogies as a Part of Language Making comparisons between two different things requires a flexible use of language.
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An analogy is a figure of speech that creates a comparison by showing how two seemingly different entities are alike, along with illustrating a larger point due to their commonalities. As a literary device, the purpose of analogy is not just to make a comparison, but to provide an explanation as well with additional information or context. This makes analogy a bit more complex than similar literary devices such as metaphor and simile. Analogy is an effective device in terms of providing a new or deeper meaning about concepts through artistic use of language. Though these entities are different in terms of abstract concepts and tangible items, they are alike in the sense that a saucer holds and supports a cup as memory holds and supports love. This analogy provides an interesting image of the relationship between memory and love through the artistic comparison to the saucer and cup. In addition, the comparison emphasizes the importance of memory as it relates to love by including the context of the cup and saucer.
An analogy is a comparison that aims to explain a thing or idea by likening it to something else. For example, a career coach might say, "Being the successful boss or CEO of a company is like being an orchestra conductor: just as the conductor needs to stand up front where everyone— even the musicians in the back row—can see him, a good CEO needs to make sure he or she is visible and available to all of the company's employees. Rather, comparing CEOs to conductors through analogy allows the coach to articulate an important leadership quality in a memorable way. Developing a richer understanding of one thing by comparing it to another is the basic idea behind analogy. Far more than simply an illustrative or explanatory technique, analogies are fundamental to the way people think. The writer Douglas Hofstadter even went so far as to say that analogy is "the core of cognition," suggesting that the most fundamental tool we have for understanding the world is the ability to make comparisons between things. Analogies can be broken down into two elements: the target and the source.
An analogy is a literary technique in which two unrelated objects are compared for their shared qualities. Unlike a simile or a metaphor, an analogy is not a figure of speech, though the three are often quite similar. Instead, analogies are strong rhetorical devices used to make rational arguments and support ideas by showing connections and comparisons between dissimilar things. Analogies are commonly used to show important comparisons and make solid arguments. Here are some examples:. Every choice you make is like spinning the wheel of fortune—sometimes you will get the result that you desire, while other times you will end up with something you always hoped to avoid.
Стратмор нахмурился: - В этом вся проблема. - Офицер полиции этого не знает. - Не имеет понятия. Рассказ канадца показался ему полным абсурдом, и он подумал, что старик еще не отошел от шока или страдает слабоумием. Тогда он посадил его на заднее сиденье своего мотоцикла, чтобы отвезти в гостиницу, где тот остановился. Но этот канадец не знал, что ему надо держаться изо всех сил, поэтому они и трех метров не проехали, как он грохнулся об асфальт, разбил себе голову и сломал запястье.
A concise definition of Analogy along with usage tips, an expanded explanation, and lots of examples. Analogy. Download this entire guide (PDF). Teachers.
Губы Стратмора приоткрылись, произнеся последнее в его жизни слово: Сьюзан. Воздух, ворвавшийся в ТРАНСТЕКСТ, воспламенился. В ослепительной вспышке света коммандер Тревор Стратмор из человека превратился сначала в едва различимый силуэт, а затем в легенду. Взрывной волной Сьюзан внесло в кабинет Стратмора, и последним, что ей запомнилось, был обжигающий жар. ГЛАВА 106 К окну комнаты заседаний при кабинете директора, расположенной высоко над куполом шифровалки, прильнули три головы. От раздавшегося взрыва содрогнулся весь комплекс Агентства национальной безопасности. Лиланд Фонтейн, Чед Бринкерхофф и Мидж Милкен в безмолвном ужасе смотрели на открывшуюся их глазам картину.
А что это за звездочка? - спросила Сьюзан. - После цифр стоит какая-то звездочка. Джабба ее не слушал, остервенело нажимая на кнопки.
О Боже. Значит, она слышала звук выстрела Хейла, а не коммандера. Как в тумане она приблизилась к бездыханному телу. Очевидно, Хейл сумел высвободиться.
Слова, сорвавшиеся с его языка, были определенно произнесены на английском, но настолько искажены сильным немецким акцентом, что их смысл не сразу дошел до Беккера. - Проваливай и умри.
Такое впечатление, что он его буквально всучил - канадцу показалось, будто бы он просил, чтобы кольцо взяли. Похоже, этот канадец рассмотрел его довольно внимательно. - Стратмор остановился и повернулся к Сьюзан.
- Я до чертиков боюсь прокалывать уши. ГЛАВА 70 Дэвид Беккер почувствовал, что у него подкашиваются ноги. Он смотрел на девушку, понимая, что его поиски подошли к концу. Она вымыла голову и переоделась - быть может, считая, что так легче будет продать кольцо, - но в Нью-Йорк не улетела.
Беккер встревожился: - Так кольца у вас. - Боже мой, конечно.
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