File Name: age rate and eventual attainment in second language acquisition .zip
Encyclopedia of Language and Education pp Cite as. Among the many factors that researchers have examined for their relevance to language acquisition and use, age is one of the easiest to measure. Any initial impression that research on age is a cut-and-dried affair is soon dispelled, however.
The issue surrounding the relationship between the L1 and L2 has been of great interest among researchers for decades Cui, n. In view of that, the purpose of this study focuses on determining the relationship between L1 and L2 which are Meranaw and English, respectively, in terms of vocabulary skills in the case of fourth year high school students in MSU-UTC. The correlation made use of their scores on the tests that measured their linguistic skill in both languages. The results revealed that most of the respondents are proficient in their native language in terms of synonyms, antonyms, and most especially, context clues. Moreover, respondents with good performance in the English language test also had the largest number. In other words, as native language proficiency increases, English language proficiency also increases. Conducting further studies is highly encouraged to continually advance knowledge regarding L1 and L2 relationship.
Coppieters, R. Competence differences between native and near-native speakers. Language, 63 3 , Ekstrand, L. Age and length of residence as variables related to the adjustment of migrant children, with special reference to second language learning. Krashen, R.
In second language acquisition research, the critical period hypothesis cph holds that the function between learners' age and their susceptibility to second language input is non-linear.
This paper discusses the role of age in Second Language Acquisition and presents the different results of relevant researches on this topic. It also compares the results and conclusions of researches conducted by 20 scholars, linguistics and researchers. Furthermore, it explains why and when this issue began to draw attention of linguistics along with interpretating the Critical Period Hypothesis by Lenneberg It further aims to examine whether young L2 learners are better than adult L2 learners. Taking all research together, it concludes that even though adult second language learners may achieve particular succes in SLA especially in terms of grammar, the early age in SLA is supported considering the fact that young learners will eventually surpass adult second language learners in final stage of acquisition.
As a final point, the age might play an important role in SLA and earlier might be better but for that to happen, there has to be motivation and sufficient exposure to the target language for the learner to benefit from. In other words, for successful SLA, exposure and the role of motivation seems to be more significant than the age factor. Exploding myths: Does the number of hours per week matter? Bilingualism in development: Language, literacy, and cognition. Bongaerts, T.
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Many of these stereotypes are reinforced by cultures and what is commonly seen within their culture. These stereotypes can have a long lasting effect on the people that are judged by the stereotype and a long lasting effect on the perception of those people. When most people.
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