File Name: difference between defining and non defining relative clauses .zip
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Stage 7 Stage 8. Before I speak about them, let me explain what a relative clause is. Download Exercise. A relative clause is a clause that we use to describe a noun. It basically has the same function as an adjective. We put a relative clause immediately after the noun it describes. These words are called relative pronouns.
Now that we know what a relative clause is, let us take a look at defining and non-defining relative clauses. A defining relative clause identifies who or what we are speaking about, whereas a non-defining relative clause just gives us more information about who or what we are speaking about.
A defining relative clause is essential in a sentence because we need it in order to know who or what someone is describing. A non-defining relative clause is not essential in a sentence because it just adds more information about who or what we are describing, therefore you could leave it out of the sentence and the sentence would still make sense and it would still be clear who or what we are describing.
We cannot leave out a defining relative clause because we need it in order to make it clear who or what we are talking about. A non-defining relative clause is separated from the main part of the sentence by commas. A defining relative clause is not separated from the main part of the sentence by commas. Look at this sentence. This is defining because it tells the listener which museum you are speaking about, in this case the one you visited on your tour of Barcelona.
Therefore it is very important to include the relative clause because it makes it clear for the listener that you are talking about the one you visited on your tour of Barcelona. This is non-defining because it is not making it clear which museum we are talking about. The fact that we gave the name of the museum is enough for the listener to understand which museum we are speaking about, therefore the relative clause is non-defining because we are just adding information about it, in this case that we visited it on our tour of London.
The most important information in this sentence is that Barcelona is beautiful, the fact that I live in Barcelona is just additional information. Here are some other examples of defining and non-defining relative clauses:. You have more than one brother. You have only one brother. This is defining because you are telling the listener exactly which car is yours.
This is defining because you are pointing out which computer is an Apple iMac. Perhaps you are in a room full of computers and you want to tell the listener which computer is an Apple iMac, you can do so by telling him it is the one that is broken. This is non-defining because you are not identifying which computer you are talking with the relative clause. Resources by levels. Cerrar Acceso intranet. Download Exercise A relative clause is a clause that we use to describe a noun.
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Defining and non-defining clauses are both types of relative clauses — clauses that share some extra information about something. But apart from that the two types of clauses are a little different. Read on to find out what makes each unique! Relative clauses are used to state additional information about the noun in the sentence. While both types of relative clauses add extra information to the sentence, a defining relative clause clearly adds detail about a specific noun that is defined. So how do you put together a defining relative clause?
Do you know the guy who is talking to Will over there? I wrote my essay on a photo which was taken by Robert Capa. Do you know the guy? I wrote my essay on a photo. A non-defining relative clause adds extra information about a noun which already has a clear reference:.
The difference between defining and non-defining relative clauses is important to understand if you want to use relative clauses correctly. If the clause is removed, the sentence will not make sense and will not have the same meaning. That is why they are also called essential relative clauses , essential meaning absolutely necessary or extremely important. As you can see the, the meaning of the sentences have been completely changed, or they don't really mean anything.
A relative clause is a clause that is introduced by a relative pronoun. They can be grouped into two categories known as defining clauses and non-defining clauses.
As the name suggests, non-defining relative clauses tell us more about someone or something, but the information in these clauses does not help us to define what we are talking about. Take for example the sentence: Gorillas, which are large and originate in Africa , can sometimes be found in zoos. In this sentence we are talking about all gorillas, not just some of them. The information in the non-defining relative clause tells us something more about gorillas in general. It does not define a small group of gorillas or an individual gorilla.
PDF book 1: English tenses exercises. PDF book 2: English grammar exercises. PDF book 3: English grammar rules. Read more about English grammar books PDF on e-grammar. Relative clauses Exercise 1 Replace 'that' with 'who' or 'which': A soldier is someone that works in the army.
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