File Name: ethical and legal process to follow while performing medical procedure .zip
Since patient safety is multidimensional and grounded in ethical and legal imperatives, both ethical and legal challenges should be taken into account. In this regard, a falling incident case of a day-old newborn was raised in the monthly ethics round in the Children's Medical Center of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran, and the ethical and legal dimensions of patient safety were discussed by experts in various fields. This report presents different aspects of patient safety in terms of root cause analysis RCA and risk management, the role of human resources, the role of professionalism, the necessity of informing the parents disclosure of medical errors , and forensic medicine with focus on ethical aspects. Thus, it has been the most emphasized component of the quality of health care services all around the world. The Institute of Medicine IOM released a report in entitled "Man is fallible: create a safe health system" in relation to the incidence of medical errors in United States, and consequently, initiated widespread international change in the field of patient safety 2.
Informed consent is a process of communication between you and your health care provider that often leads to agreement or permission for care, treatment, or services. Evey patient has the right to get information and ask questions before procedures and treatments.
If adult patients are mentally able to make their own decisions, medical care cannot begin unless they give informed consent. The informed consent process makes sure that your health care provider has given you information about your condition along with testing and treatment options before you decide what to do.
The main purpose of the informed consent process is to protect the patient. A consent form is a legal document that ensures an ongoing communication process between you and your health care provider. It implies that your health care provider has given you information about your condition and treatment options and that you have used this information to choose the option that you feel is right for you.
The way in which your treatment options must be given to you for example, verbally or in writing may be listed in your state's laws. Your health care provider works with you to figure out the best way to give you the information you need. The provider may choose to use methods other than a verbal discussion or a written document, such as videos, interactive computer modules, audio files or other methods to help you understand the information better.
Be sure you understand all the information given, even if it means going over it many times or asking your provider to explain it in different ways. Yes, you can change your mind at any time, even if you have already started treatment. Let your health care provider know of your wishes. You have the right to refuse any and all treatment options.
You may also choose other treatment options that have been presented to you by your health care provider, even if they are not as well proven as the one your health care provider recommends.
You may also refuse part of the treatment options, without refusing all care. For example, you may choose to refuse surgery, but still wish to be treated for pain. In this case, it may be up to you to find another health care provider or facility to treat you with such an approach if your health care provider is not comfortable with it.
If you have decided to refuse treatment or diagnostic tests, your health care provider may tell you about the risks or likely outcomes of this choice, so you can make an informed refusal meaning, you understand what could happen to your health by refusing the recommended treatment but you still don't want the treatment. In this case, you might be asked to sign a form to state that you received this information and that you still chose not to be treated.
Shared decision-making is actually part of the informed consent process and allows patients to play an active role in making decisions that affect their health. In shared decision-making, the health care provider and patient work together to choose tests, procedures, and treatments, and then to develop a plan of care. As described by the informed consent process, the provider gives the patient information about their condition and the pros and cons of all the treatment options. The patient then has a chance to ask questions and read more about the options.
The patient also tells the health care provider what their preferences, personal values, opinions and such are about their condition and treatment options. The health care provider should always respect the patient's preferences and goals, and use them to help guide the patient's treatment recommendations. This type of decision-making is especially helpful when there is no single "best" treatment option.
Treatment cannot be given without your consent, Unless care and treatment are needed in an emergency and you are unable to give consent. However, you have the right to refuse information and treatment. Or, in advance, you can assign a person to make decisions for you through an advance directive or other legal document.
You can also ask for minimal information and trust your health care provider to make decisions for you. At the same time, informed consent laws do not allow a health care provider to keep a diagnosis from the patient, even at the family's request.
Preamble Engineering is an important and learned profession. As members of this profession, engineers are expected to exhibit the highest standards of honesty and integrity. Engineering has a direct and vital impact on the quality of life for all people. Accordingly, the services provided by engineers require honesty, impartiality, fairness, and equity, and must be dedicated to the protection of the public health, safety, and welfare. Engineers must perform under a standard of professional behavior that requires adherence to the highest principles of ethical conduct. Fundamental Canons Engineers, in the fulfillment of their professional duties, shall:.
Evidence is mounting that EHRs are resulting in unintended consequences with patient safety implications. Clinical teams confront usability challenges that can present ethical issues requiring ethical decision-making models to support clinicians in appropriate action on behalf of safe, effective clinical care. The purpose of this article is to identify and address ethical issues raised by nurses in use of electronic health records.
In a healthcare setting, informed consent allows you to participate in your own medical care. It enables you to decide which treatments you do or do not want to receive. Also, informed consent allows you to make decisions with your healthcare provider. This collaborative decision-making process is an ethical and legal obligation of healthcare providers.
Informed consent is a process of communication between you and your health care provider that often leads to agreement or permission for care, treatment, or services. Evey patient has the right to get information and ask questions before procedures and treatments. If adult patients are mentally able to make their own decisions, medical care cannot begin unless they give informed consent. The informed consent process makes sure that your health care provider has given you information about your condition along with testing and treatment options before you decide what to do.
Assisting patients with personal hygiene is a fundamental part of nursing care and provides an opportunity for nurses to carry out a holistic assessment of their patient.
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