File Name: electronic and computer music peter manning .zip
Schank with Peter Childers.
Live electronic music also known as live electronics is a form of music that can include traditional electronic sound-generating devices, modified electric musical instruments, hacked sound generating technologies, and computers.
Musical improvisation often plays a large role in the performance of this music. The timbres of various sounds may be transformed extensively using devices such as amplifiers , filters , ring modulators and other forms of circuitry Sutherland , Real-time generation and manipulation of audio using live coding is now commonplace.
Early electronic instruments intended for live performance, such as Thaddeus Cahill 's Telharmonium and instruments developed between the two world wars, such as the Theremin , Spharophon , ondes Martenot , and the Trautonium , may be cited as antecedents Manning , , but were intended simply as new means of sound production, and did nothing to change the nature of musical composition or performance Collins , Many early compositions included these electronic instruments, though the instruments were typically used as fill-ins for standard classical instruments.
Cage's Imaginary Landscape No. Cage's interest in live electronics continued through the s and s, providing inspiration for the formation of a number of live-electronic groups in America who came to regard themselves as the pioneers of a new art form Manning , However, it was in Europe at the end of the s and early s that the most coherent transition from studio electronic techniques to live synthesis occurred. While earlier live-electronic compositions, such as Cage's Cartridge Music , had mainly employed amplification, Stockhausen's innovation was to add electronic transformation through filtering, which erased the distinction between instrumental and electronic music Toop , Many composers viewed the development of live electronics as a reaction against "the largely technocratic and rationalistic ethos of studio processed tape music" which was devoid of the visual and theatrical component of live performance Sutherland , By the s, live electronics had become the primary area of innovation in electronic music Simms , The s and s were notable for contributions by electronic musician Jean Michel Jarre.
The success of Oxygene and his large scale concerts which he performed attracted millions of people, breaking his own record for largest audience four times Cacciottolo ; Anon. In fact Jarre continued to break his own records up to the end of the century, with 3. Laptronica is a form of live electronic music or computer music in which laptops are used as musical instruments. The term is a portmanteau of " lap top computer" and "elec tronica ". The term gained a certain degree of currency in the s and is of significance due to the use of highly powerful computation being made available to musicians in highly portable form, and therefore in live performance.
A combination of many laptops can be used to form a laptop orchestra. There are also approaches to human live coding in improvised dance Anon. Live coding is also an increasingly popular technique in programming-related lectures and conference presentations, and has been described as a "best practice" for computer science lectures by Mark Guzdial Electroacoustic improvisation EAI is a form of free improvisation that was originally referred to as live electronics.
Source magazine published articles by a number of leading electronic and avant-garde composers in the s Anon.
It was further influenced by electronic and electroacoustic music and the music of American experimental composers such as John Cage , Morton Feldman and David Tudor. British free improvisation group AMM , particularly their guitarist Keith Rowe , have also played a contributing role in bringing attention to the practice [ citation needed ].
The following is an incomplete list, in chronological order, of early notable electronic compositions:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Laptop Battle and Livetronica. Main article: Live coding. See also: Algorave. Play media. See also: Category:Electronic musicians. Electronic music events. List of electronic music festivals List of industrial music festivals List of electronic dance music festivals.
Music festival demo party hip hop music festival reggae festival. Music festivals. Christian Carnatic Reggae Pow wow. Indonesia Israel South Korea. Estonia Italy United Kingdom. Antigua and Barbuda Canada Chicago Massachusetts. Australia New Zealand. Concert tour Rock concert Live electronic Lists.
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Buried among the records of the United States patent office for the year is a rather unusual entry, no. The invention described has long since passed into obscurity, but in several respects it was to prove as significant a landmark for electronic music as the more celebrated phonograph patents of Edison and Berliner registered some twenty years previously. As the former title suggests, the machine was essentially a modified electrical dynamo, employing a number of specially geared shafts and associated inductors to pro- duce alternating currents of different audio frequencies. These signals passed via a polyphonic keyboard and associated bank of controls to a series of telephone re- ceivers fitted with special acoustic horns. The Dynamophone was a formidable construction, about tons in weight and some 60 feet in length, assuming the proportions of a power-station genera- tor.
This is a revised and expanded edition of the classic introduction to electronic and computer music, dealing with the development of electronic and computer music from its birth to the present day. This new edition includes information about software innovations, an increased emphasis on digital media, and discussions of personal music-computing technologies. Keywords: electronic music , computer music , software innovations , digital media , computing technologies , personal music. Forgot password? Don't have an account?
Live electronic music also known as live electronics is a form of music that can include traditional electronic sound-generating devices, modified electric musical instruments, hacked sound generating technologies, and computers. Musical improvisation often plays a large role in the performance of this music. The timbres of various sounds may be transformed extensively using devices such as amplifiers , filters , ring modulators and other forms of circuitry Sutherland , Real-time generation and manipulation of audio using live coding is now commonplace. Early electronic instruments intended for live performance, such as Thaddeus Cahill 's Telharmonium and instruments developed between the two world wars, such as the Theremin , Spharophon , ondes Martenot , and the Trautonium , may be cited as antecedents Manning , , but were intended simply as new means of sound production, and did nothing to change the nature of musical composition or performance Collins , Many early compositions included these electronic instruments, though the instruments were typically used as fill-ins for standard classical instruments. Cage's Imaginary Landscape No.
Electronic and Computer Music REVISED AND E X PA N D E D EDITION Electronic and Computer Music FOURTH EDITION Peter Manning 1 1 Oxford.
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The Oxford Handbook of Computer Music offers a cross-section of field-defining topics and debates in computer music. It situates computer music in the broad context of its creation and performance across the range of issues—from music cognition to pedagogy to sociocultural topics—that shape discourse in the field. Fifty years after musical tones were produced on a computer for the first time, developments in laptop computing have brought computer music within reach of all listeners and composers. Production and distribution of computer music have grown tremendously as a result.
Computer music is the application of computing technology in music composition , to help human composers create new music or to have computers independently create music, such as with algorithmic composition programs. It includes the theory and application of new and existing computer software technologies and basic aspects of music, such as sound synthesis , digital signal processing , sound design , sonic diffusion, acoustics , and psychoacoustics. The field of computer music can trace its roots back to the origins of electronic music , and the very first experiments and innovations with electronic instruments at the turn of the 20th century.
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Ditson fund. Over the next few years, he added an overall volume pedal, a white or pink noise generator, alternate basic sonic material, a spring reverberation unit, and other various types of modulation. The Syn-ket was equipped with three small two octave keyboards, each corresponding to a module. Each key could be individually tuned allowing the musician to play and compose microtonal music. The keyboard was velocity sensitive and uniquely allowed the player to bend the note with a sideways finger action.
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