File Name: mesotherapy and injection lipolysis .zip
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Facial Rejuvenation pp Cite as. Mesotherapy describes a diverse array of cutaneous injection techniques that utilizes medications and other compounds proposed to have a therapeutic effect on local medical or cosmetic conditions. Injectable lipolysis refers to a treatment using biologically active detergents to cause focal ablation of adipose tissue. Injectable lipolysis may become a relatively safe and efficacious method to treat submental and mandibular fat and jowls. Mesotherapy may have as yet unproved potential to enhance the appearance of facial skin. Unable to display preview.
Franz Hasengschwandtner, MD, has indicated no significant financial interest in commercial use of injection lipolysis. Background: The use of injections to reduce localized fat deposits, first discovered in Italy in the s, was popularized in South America and further developed by the author. Objective: The objective of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of injection lipolysis in the reduction of localized fat deposits. Methods: A study group of patients received from 1 to 4 injections of a phosphatidylcholine mixture developed by the author for treatment of localized fat deposits in the upper and lower abdomen, hips, thighs, upper arms, and face. Results: After treatment with injection lipolysis of up to mL of injectable mixture, containing a maximum of mg phosphatidylcholine, fat deposits showed an average circumferential reduction per application f. Very good success was seen in facial treatments. No patient showed irregularities, dimples or any serious side effect after treatment.
Plastic surgeons continue to seek refinement,improvements, and safety in existing techniques,and patients often seek less-invasive procedures,improved results and solutions for complexproblems. These are some of the reasons that mesother-apy and injection lipolysis have experiencedsome popularity in the United States. Althoughsome studies are emerging in the English medicalliterature to document the safety and efficacy ofinjection lipolysis, in the United States the enthu-siasm among patients and physicians largely hasbeen driven by reports in the lay press and thequest for permanent fat reduction by nonsurgicalmethods. Because of this and for other reasons,controversy has surrounded mesotherapy andinjection lipolysis. The primary concern is that theclinical application of these methods in patientshas preceded rigorous scientific study of theseagents and their application that would be neces-sary to establish safety and efficacy required forUS Food and Drug Administration FDA approval. The purpose of the first part of this article is tofamiliarize the reader with the evolution of meso-therapy, injection lipolysis, and the use ofphosphatidylcholine and deoxycholate for subcu-taneous fat reduction. There is an emphasis onthe underlying basic science of fat metabolismand the biochemistry of phosphatidylcholine, sothat practitioners will be able to understand futurepublished research on these topics.
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The term "mesotherapy" is derived from the Greek words "mesos" meaning " middle 0" or " mean " and "therapeia" meaning "to treat medically," i. Despite it being available for over 50 years and the huge publicity and attention received on the Internet, definite evidence for its efficacy is lacking and the claims are not always based on well-conducted clinical trials. Mesotherapy for the first time was developed in by Dr. Michel Pistor, a French physician for the management of pain and vascular disorders. In , he used the following words to describe mesotherapy: "little volume, few times and in the right place. Pistor founded the French Society of Mesotherapy in and, in , The French National Academy of Medicine officially acknowledged mesotherapy as a medical specialty. Mesotherapy, like corticosteroids, is claimed to have a wide array of applications especially in the field of cosmetic dermatology.
Никто не слышал. Это было сделано тайно. - Мидж, - сказал Бринкерхофф, - Джабба просто помешан на безопасности ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Он ни за что не установил бы переключатель, позволяющий действовать в обход… - Стратмор заставил. - Она не дала ему договорить. Бринкерхофф почти физически ощущал, как интенсивно работают клеточки ее мозга. - Помнишь, что случилось в прошлом году, когда Стратмор занимался антисемитской террористической группой в Калифорнии? - напомнила .
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