File Name: diabetes and your feet .zip
People with diabetes are prone to foot problems that develop due to prolonged periods of high blood sugar levels. Diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease are the two main foot problems that occur, and both can have serious complications. Diabetes is a disease that causes faulty or insufficient insulin production or low sensitivity to insulin.
Insulin is an essential hormone that is responsible for helping cells absorb sugar from the blood to use for energy. When this process does not work correctly, sugar remains circulating in the blood, causing health problems. Prolonged periods of high sugar levels in the blood can damage many areas of the body, including the feet.
Diabetes is responsible for over 50 percent of all foot amputations in the United States. In this article, we look at the foot problems that can occur in people with unmanaged or poorly managed diabetes and how to manage these effects. Over time, diabetes can cause nerve damage that leads to numbness in the feet. This can make it hard for people with diabetes to feel sensation in their extremities.
The condition also makes it difficult for a person with diabetes to feel irritation, soreness, or infection on the feet. They may not notice when their shoes are rubbing. This lack of sensation can lead to an increased risk of cuts, sores, and blisters.
If a person does not receive treatment for an infection, ulcers and even gangrene can develop. If a person develops gangrene, they may require an amputation.
TO If aperson develops gangrene, a doctor might suggest amputation. Diabetes leads to changes in the blood vessels, including arteries. In peripheral vascular disease , fatty deposits block vessels beyond the brain and heart. It tends to affect blood vessels leading to and from the extremities, such as the hands and feet, reducing blood flow to both.
Reduced blood flow can lead to pain, infection, and wounds that heal slowly. If a person develops a severe infection, a doctor may recommend amputation. To discover more evidence-based information and resources for healthy aging, visit our dedicated hub. Foot symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person and may depend on the specific issues a person is experiencing at the time.
Any person with diabetes who experiences symptoms of an infection, especially on the feet, should seek emergency treatment. Diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease are serious conditions that a doctor must monitor closely. Both cause complications that can have serious, on-going effects.
These complications may include:. Sometimes, doctors can reverse complications, such as infections. However, others, including gangrene, may lead to permanent physical changes. Read more about gangrene here. However, anyone who notices any of the following changes should seek immediate medical attention:. Treatment for diabetic foot problems varies according to the severity of the condition.
A range of surgical and nonsurgical options is available. A doctor will first attempt to treat diabetic foot problems without using surgery. Some methods include:. When nonsurgical treatment does not successfully heal diabetic foot problems, the doctor might consider surgery. Surgical options include:. Preventing foot problems is essential for people who have diabetes. Keeping feet healthy is critical, and a person should be vigilant about foot hygiene.
They can take the following steps:. Learn more about whether people with diabetes can soak their feet in salts here. Diabetes can cause serious foot problems that can result in feet or limb loss, deformity, and infections. However, it is possible for a person to prevent or minimize many of these problems.
While controlling blood sugar by following the recommended diabetes treatment plans is the best way to prevent these serious problems, self-care and regular check-ups with a doctor can also help prevent problems from developing. Foot problems in diabetes can occur due to restricted blood flow and unnoticed cuts and infections that develop due to numbness in the area.
A person with diabetes needs regular podiatric checks to ensure that any foot problems do not develop into complications. A doctor will try to treat the feet using sterilization, observation, and, possibly, immobilization devices, such as a cast boot. If these are not effective, they might recommend surgery to remove infected tissue that has the potential to spread. People with diabetes need to keep their feet clean, undergo regular monitoring, and put on supportive footwear to minimize complications and foot issues.
When diabetes is not well controlled, long-term complications can develop and affect many different areas of the body. Uncontrolled blood sugars can cause blood vessel injury that can lead to cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, nerve injury in the extremities, and eye problems. Diabetes can also make a person more susceptible to skin infections. Elaine K. Luo, MD Answers represent the opinions of our medical experts.
All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice. Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage that affects a range of nerves in the bodies of some people with diabetes. It can lead to paralysis and might have….
People with diabetes are prone to skin problems, including blisters. These might develop due to reduced circulation or uncontrolled blood sugar. Diabetes can lead to joint pain by affecting the muscles, skeleton, and nervous system. It also has links with two types of arthritis. Learn more here. In addition to medication, the diet plays an essential role in diabetes management. Certain foods can help stabilize insulin and blood sugar levels….
Diabetes causes blood sugar levels to rise. The body may stop producing insulin, the hormone that regulates blood sugar, and this results in type 1…. How can diabetes affect the feet? Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M. Foot problems in diabetes Symptoms Treatment Diabetic foot care Summary People with diabetes are prone to foot problems that develop due to prolonged periods of high blood sugar levels.
Foot problems in diabetes. Share on Pinterest Diabetic neuropathy can numb the feet, reducing awareness of wounds, infections, and tight shoes. Share on Pinterest If gangrene develops due to an unnoticed wound, a doctor may suggest amputation. Diabetic foot care. Share on Pinterest A person should try to wash the feet every day. Q: What other areas does diabetes affect in the body?
A: When diabetes is not well controlled, long-term complications can develop and affect many different areas of the body. Latest news 'Superfoods:' Fad or fact? Compound isolated from sea sponge fights cancer cells. Related Coverage. What to know about diabetic neuropathy. Medically reviewed by Maria S. Prelipcean, MD. What you need to know about diabetic blisters.
How can diabetes cause joint pain? Which foods help stabilize insulin and blood sugar? What medication is available for diabetes? Medically reviewed by Zara Risoldi Cochrane, Pharm.
Therefore, it is important that pharmacists and healthcare professionals are aware of symptoms and the relevant care pathways for these patients to ensure they receive the best care and education regarding how to manage their condition. In the UK, around 4. Foot ulceration is responsible for more hospital days than all other diabetes complications combined . There are many short- and long-term complications that can result from diabetes. High blood sugars hyperglycaemia and the length of time that diabetes is present increase the risk of complications, which include:. Diabetes Care ;37 1 :9—
If you have diabetes, taking care of your feet is very important. Foot problems are more common in people with diabetes, and can become serious very quickly. It is very important that you inspect your feet regularly. When you have diabetes, your feet need extra care and attention. Diabetes can damage the nerve endings and blood vessels in your feet, making you less likely to notice when your feet are injured. Diabetes can also interfere with your body's ability to fight infection. If you develop a minor foot injury, it could become an ulcer or develop into a serious infection.
Diabetes and your feet. Diabetes can cause nerve damage. (also known as diabetes peripheral neuropathy) and poor blood flow or circulation to the legs and.
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